Understand of music

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Fill in some blank questions and short answers on music knowledge, Q & A questions can be abbreviated from Google

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I. FILL IN THE BLANK. In the blank provided, give the vocabulary word or words that best fits in the sentence (word bank found at end of this section). 1) The were used primarily in the Middle Ages and Renaissance periods and were a precursor to the major and minor scales. Some composers began to transition away from these scales by the end of the period (for instance, the Venetian School composers), and were abandoned completely in favor of the major and minor scales during the 2) period. form is a form of music that contains an exposition, development, and a recapitulation section. This form was developed primarily in the period because of their interest in creating balanced forms. 3) The composer Arnold Schoenberg created a new method of composing without the usual major and minor scales, known as , in which you could compose a piece without a key (commonly described as the “emancipation of the dissonance”). He created this new method primarily to better evoke the intense, subjective emotions of the artistic movement known as , for which he was a part. 4) Composers of the Baroque period were particularly interested in evoking specific emotions or moods in their music, called ; and a single movement (and sometimes a section) would generally express one basic mood throughout, known as 5) When discussing musical form, of mood. occurs when there is a striking difference in pitch, dynamics, rhythm, or tempo that provide variety and changes of mood; occurs when a motive, phrase, or section is reiterated to create a sense of unity; and occurs when there is a change in some features of a musical idea, while retaining other features of the same idea. 6) In the New Orleans style of jazz, also known as instruments called the creates a kind of , there is a section of melodic , who play several contrasting melodic lines at once, which texture. 7) In the 19th century, a new type of concert music was created called music, in which non-vocal music is associated with a particular story, poem, idea, or scene. This type of music is the opposite of music, in which the music does not have any extra-musical associations (i.e. “music for the sake of music”). 8) One of the most important advancements in the Classical period was the eventual replacement of the by the piano as the leading keyboard instrument. The significance of this meant that composers could now perform gradual changes, as the previous instrument would not allow for such changes. 9) In the late 1940’s and early 50’s, was performed primarily by African Americans and was an early precursor to the rock genre, as it had a powerful beat and incorporated both the saxophone and electric guitar. This genre also borrowed heavily from blues, and sometimes included the popular harmonic pattern called , which involves three basic chords (I, IV, and V) and acts as the harmonic basis for many blues pieces. 10) An important advancement in the Romantic period was that many families now had a in their own homes. This meant that the average person had more access to musical training, so composers begin writing , which are pieces written specifically to help teach both professionals and amateurs to become better performers. 11) The was a partially improvised section of a Baroque ensemble that was performed by a instrument (or sometimes a lute) and a instrument. Word Bank – Fill in the Blank (use words only once, but not every word will be used) 12-Bar Blues Absolute Affects Atonality Baroque Bass Basso Continuo Church Modes Classical Contrast Dixieland Dynamic Études Expressionism Front Line Harpsichord Imitation Impressionism Keyboard Piano Polyphonic Program Renaissance Repetition Rhythm and Blues Romantic Sonata Symphony Unity Variation II. SHORT ANSWER. Answer each of the following in 1-3 complete sentences. 1) What is the accompaniment technique that was used in much of the music of the Baroque period (which makes it one of Baroque music’s most characteristic feature), but was almost entirely abandoned by the Classical period? Describe this technique. 2) Why did Richard Wagner not consider his works operas, but instead called them “music dramas?” How did his music dramas represent the idea of gesamtkunstwerk (total artwork)? 3) In what ways was the style of the Venetian School composers a precursor to the Baroque Period? 4) Why did composers in the Classical period become more interested in writing music that could be appreciated by both the average person and educated listeners, instead of the more complex style of the Baroque period? 5) What was the 20th century artistic movement Neoclassicism a reaction against, and why were they against it? 6) Early jazz blended elements mainly from what three distinct musical cultures? Name one element borrowed from each culture. 7) When was the Ars Nova and what changes in musical style occurred during this time? 8) Describe the polyphonic technique of imitation. In what period of music did this technique become very common in vocal music? 9) In what genre of music would you find an aria, which would usually be preceded by a section of recitative? Briefly describe these two terms (aria and recitative). 10) Briefly describe the three main sections of a sonata form piece (Exposition, Development, and Recapitulation). I. FILL IN THE BLANK. In the blank provided, give the vocabulary word or words that best fits in the sentence (word bank found at end of this section). 1) The were used primarily in the Middle Ages and Renaissance periods and were a precursor to the major and minor scales. Some composers began to transition away from these scales by the end of the period (for instance, the Venetian School composers), and were abandoned completely in favor of the major and minor scales during the 2) period. form is a form of music that contains an exposition, development, and a recapitulation section. This form was developed primarily in the period because of their interest in creating balanced forms. 3) The composer Arnold Schoenberg created a new method of composing without the usual major and minor scales, known as , in which you could compose a piece without a key (commonly described as the “emancipation of the dissonance”). He created this new method primarily to better evoke the intense, subjective emotions of the artistic movement known as , for which he was a part. 4) Composers of the Baroque period were particularly interested in evoking specific emotions or moods in their music, called ; and a single movement (and sometimes a section) would generally express one basic mood throughout, known as 5) When discussing musical form, of mood. occurs when there is a striking difference in pitch, dynamics, rhythm, or tempo that provide variety and changes of mood; occurs when a motive, phrase, or section is reiterated to create a sense of unity; and occurs when there is a change in some features of a musical idea, while retaining other features of the same idea. 6) In the New Orleans style of jazz, also known as instruments called the creates a kind of , there is a section of melodic , who play several contrasting melodic lines at once, which texture. 7) In the 19th century, a new type of concert music was created called music, in which non-vocal music is associated with a particular story, poem, idea, or scene. This type of music is the opposite of music, in which the music does not have any extra-musical associations (i.e. “music for the sake of music”). 8) One of the most important advancements in the Classical period was the eventual replacement of the by the piano as the leading keyboard instrument. The significance of this meant that composers could now perform gradual changes, as the previous instrument would not allow for such changes. 9) In the late 1940’s and early 50’s, was performed primarily by African Americans and was an early precursor to the rock genre, as it had a powerful beat and incorporated both the saxophone and electric guitar. This genre also borrowed heavily from blues, and sometimes included the popular harmonic pattern called , which involves three basic chords (I, IV, and V) and acts as the harmonic basis for many blues pieces. 10) An important advancement in the Romantic period was that many families now had a in their own homes. This meant that the average person had more access to musical training, so composers begin writing , which are pieces written specifically to help teach both professionals and amateurs to become better performers. 11) The was a partially improvised section of a Baroque ensemble that was performed by a instrument (or sometimes a lute) and a instrument. Word Bank – Fill in the Blank (use words only once, but not every word will be used) 12-Bar Blues Absolute Affects Atonality Baroque Bass Basso Continuo Church Modes Classical Contrast Dixieland Dynamic Études Expressionism Front Line Harpsichord Imitation Impressionism Keyboard Piano Polyphonic Program Renaissance Repetition Rhythm and Blues Romantic Sonata Symphony Unity Variation II. SHORT ANSWER. Answer each of the following in 1-3 complete sentences. 1) What is the accompaniment technique that was used in much of the music of the Baroque period (which makes it one of Baroque music’s most characteristic feature), but was almost entirely abandoned by the Classical period? Describe this technique. 2) Why did Richard Wagner not consider his works operas, but instead called them “music dramas?” How did his music dramas represent the idea of gesamtkunstwerk (total artwork)? 3) In what ways was the style of the Venetian School composers a precursor to the Baroque Period? 4) Why did composers in the Classical period become more interested in writing music that could be appreciated by both the average person and educated listeners, instead of the more complex style of the Baroque period? 5) What was the 20th century artistic movement Neoclassicism a reaction against, and why were they against it? 6) Early jazz blended elements mainly from what three distinct musical cultures? Name one element borrowed from each culture. 7) When was the Ars Nova and what changes in musical style occurred during this time? 8) Describe the polyphonic technique of imitation. In what period of music did this technique become very common in vocal music? 9) In what genre of music would you find an aria, which would usually be preceded by a section of recitative? Briefly describe these two terms (aria and recitative). 10) Briefly describe the three main sections of a sonata form piece (Exposition, Development, and Recapitulation). …
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