A. Pros include the following: 1. They are an efficient method to make such expenditures; no separate bureaucracy is required to administer them; and 2. They allow the market to make the choice rather than reserving it to some government official”s judgment. B. Cons include the following: 1. They are concealed from scrutiny; 2. They do not go through the budget process; and 3. Costs are impossible to determine. IV. WHAT SHOULD BE TAXED?