I’m stuck on a Philosophy question and need an explanation.
Having reviewed the content on Plato & Aristotle, students will make an online submission of their response to one of the assignment questions below. The purpose of this assignment is to assess for familiarity with the central ideas of Plato & Aristotle.
Compare and contrast Plato to Aristotle on one of the questions below.
There are 40 possible points to earn on this assignment. Click on the wheel, above right, to find the Rubric and see how your response is to be evaluated. Click the Blue Submit button to begin your essay in the box. When done Click save at the bottom If you are doing a file upload, use (pdf, doc, docx) . If using a Mac, export pages to a PDF file and then click the blue submit assignment button. If you have any problems with submission call the student help line in Canvas from the global menu on the bottom left.
The assignment is to be 2-3 pages in length (approx. 1300 words or 100 lines) using standard 12″ font size with 1.5 spacing. You may use bullet lists sparingly for only part of your essay. Any late assignments will receive partial credit and must be turned in before advancing to the next week.
In this comparison/contrast essay, choose one to the following questions to answer. Place one of the bold titles at the top of your essay.
Plato & Aristotle on Knowledge
- Explain Plato’s theory of Forms and his metaphysical distinction between intelligible knowledge and sensible belief (opinion). What is the role of recollection?
- Contrast this to Aristotle’s theory of Substance (form & matter) and his account of accidental change.
- What is Aristotle’s account of substantive change, the four causes, and how we acquire knowledge.
- How does Plato’s account concerning knowledge of Forms and their participationdiffer from Aristotle’s account of universals.
Plato & Aristotle on Morality
- List and discuss some of the differences in method and approach to morality in Platoand Aristotle.
- How do we attain virtue? Is it recovered through recollection and/or produced through certain activities?
- How is virtue connected to the parts of the soul for each thinker?
- What answer might each give to the Sophist position on relativism (physis vs nomos)?
- What is the difference between striving toward the Platonic Good and Aristotle’s end called eudaemonia or Happiness?