Operant Conditioning Training

This homework is due Sept 26 at 11:59 PM and is worth 100 points

For your Homework Assignment, you will need a partner. It can be anyone over 10 years old, but an adult is preferred. Tell them that this is a homework assignment for you. You are allowed to tell them that you are going to have them do things, but that you CANNOT tell them what the goal is.

Operant Conditioning Training Through Shaping

Follow All Instructions Exactly as Written

Follow All Instructions Exactly as Written: In the exercise, you are going to use reinforcers and punishers to train your partner, using “shaping through successive approximations.” Ask your partner to leave the room. Take a set of keys and place them in a visible but not usual place. Do NOT hide them or block them from view! For example, you can put them on the corner of the coffee table, on the edge of a chair, or someplace like that. Your goal is to reward closer and closer behavior until they actually pick up the keys in their hand.

READ THE FULL INSTRUCTIONS AHEAD OF TIME (I and II), BEFORE STARTING THE TASK

Follow All Instructions Exactly as Written

I. The Task:

1.Have the person come back into the room. Explain that, for this exercise, you cannot tell them what to do or talk to them. Ask them to just start doing random things.

2.If they do anything in the direction of the keys (take a step, move a hand, or look that way, for example, say the word “Good!” Then be quiet. They will look at you, laugh, grunt, or ask you “What am I supposed to do!” Just shake your head that you can’t talk. Wait for them to begin moving again and say “Good!” every time they move towards the keys. Do NOT shout them at your person. Stay calm and say them in a reasonable tone of voice.

3.If they move away from the keys say “Nope!” and then be silent. Do NOT shout them at your person. Stay calm and say them in a reasonable tone of voice.

4.Keep this up, saying “Good!” or “Nope!” when appropriate, until they pick up the keys.

II. Things to know ahead of time:

1.The person will stop and stand still for a LONG time. Just wait.

2.The person will get frustrated and want to quit. Ask them to be patient and keep trying—it’s for your homework.

3.The person will complain—just be quiet.

4.Wait, wait, wait.

5.Make sure your timing is good for the “Goods!” and “Nopes!” You will make mistakes–it’s OK. Just keep going.

IT IS VERY IMPORTANT NOT TO STARE AT THE KEYS, OR GESTURE TO THEM, OR MOVE YOUR BODY IN THAT DIRECTION. NO HINTS!!!

Your Paper

Write a minimum of a one-page paper on this exercise. YOU MUST USE EITHER MICROSOFT WORD OR A PDF FILE. No other files will be accepted. Only submit a second version if your first version needed major revision (i.e., Turnitin said it was too copied or plagiarized–anything above 17%, double check).

In Section 1, describe Operant Conditioning.

Then, in Section 2, explain how you used reinforcement and punishment to train your partner to pick up the keys. Discuss problems that occurred, errors that you made. Be sure to discuss how this is an example of shaping behaviors.

Format:

a.Your paper should be double spaced, with paragraphs that are indented. REMOVE EXTRA LINES FROM BETWEEN PARAGRAPHS.

b.It should have 1-inch margins all around. Use Times New Roman 12 pt font.

c.It should be well organized as an essay, and not presented as an outline.

d.Use your textbook as your reference and be sure to cite it correctly in the body of your paper.

e.Have a Reference list at the end on a separate page, using APA style.

Grading Rubric (Activity and Paper Combined)

90-100 pts 1. Student defines and discusses Operant Conditioning. Student gives more than one or two sentences and discusses all four consequences found in Op. Cond. Positive Reinforcement, Negative Reinforcement, Positive Punishment, Negative Punishment). Student doesn’t just paraphrase text, but demonstrates own knowledge.

2. Student conducts training session as instructed.

3. Student describes training session, including all steps and errors.

4. Student describes participant’s reactions and behaviors, including statements made (described, not quoted), frustrations, errors made, and steps taken and final outcome).

5. Student explains how this task represents Shaping through Successive Approximations, as described in the textbook.

6. Student does not quote book. Instead demonstrates understanding by using own words.

7. Student uses correct English, punctuation, and grammar, and has minimal spelling and typographical errors.

8. Student uses required format, as described above

80-89 pts Student conducts the training exercise and provides six of the written criteria described in 90-100 pts Rubric.

70-79 pts Student conducts the training exercise and provides four of the written criteria described in 90-100 pts Rubric.

65-69 pts Student conducts the training exercise and provides two of the written criteria described in 90-100 pts Rubric.

0-64 pts Student doesn’t conduct training exercise or student writes paper that doesn’t meet any criteria above.



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