MHE 509 Trident University In

Discussion Requirements

A substantive comment should be approximately 300 words or more for the response (A total of 1 response).

Read the initial comments posted by your classmates and reflect upon them.

Before writing your comments:

  • Review the Discussion grading rubric to see what is expected for an excellent discussion, in order to earn full credit.
  • Review some resources to help you synthesize, such as the following:

Sullivan, J. (2011). Strategies for Synthesis Writing. Retrieved from http://www.findingdulcinea.com/features/edu/Strategies-for-Synthesis-Writing.html

NOTE: You are required to cite sources and include a reference list for the second post if it is simply your opinion. However, if your opinion is based on facts (as it should be), it is good practice to strengthen your position by citing sources.

Be sure to meet all of the criteria in the rubric, as noted in the instructions above.

Third post for each module discussion:

Read the initial and secondary comments posted by your classmates and reflect upon them.

Directly respond to at least one classmate in a way that extends meaningful discussions, adds new information, and/or offers alternative perspectives.

MY POST

DO NOT RESPOND

Classmates and Professor,

Concept A: Disaster Management

Each day, governments and organizations collaborate to work cooperatively, integrate strategies, and act cooperatively. If these entities are local or worldwide, their effectiveness depends on a standard, fully integrated approach to resource sharing, incident coordination and management, and knowledge sharing. Both participants with contingency planning and support functions can use The National Incident Management System (NIMS). Emergency crews and other emergency response staff, NGOs (such as religion and community-based organizations), the private industry, and public officials accountable for incident responses are among the community for NIMS (National Incident Management System, 2017). Irrespective of the event or site, all incident response strategies must include individuals with disabilities and those who have accessibility and functional needs. The agencies, management systems, interpersonal skills and procedures, and several other conditions differ among the territories and entities involved in incident handling. NIMS offers a unified structure for integrating these disparate abilities and achieving shared objectives.

As a manager in the United States Air Force industry, I should ensure that when a disturbance occurs, military flights, air cargo firms, ground handling officers, and airport operators can rapidly notify and enable their response teams and provide guidance about how to tackle the issues. They must also communicate with their supply chain and consumers. When conventional communications are exhausted, a multi-channel communications system can improve operational efficiency and ensure regular business and military performance. Aviation operators can reduce risks during critical incidents, achieve a competitive edge, and increase profitability by using reliable communications systems.

Concept B: Use of Drone Technology

The use of small unmanned aircraft systems (sUAS), also referred to as drones, has increased in the United States over the last five years. In 2017, around 3 million drones were sold to different countries, as reported in Times magazine (Fitzpatrick, 2018). Drone sales have risen due to several variables, including technological advancements, mass production, cost savings, and convenience. Naturally, this has necessitated a review of the air traffic controller and a plan for integrating this new mode of aviation into close vicinity to manned aircraft flying at low altitudes (Bier & Feeney, 2018). Drones have also been a significant annoyance to airports and have even posed a danger to aircraft, both civilian and military, during this period. When the quantity of drones in the sky has grown, so has the number of flights near-misses and other reckless behavior events. Dangerous drone activities are typically carried out by technicians who have little or no experience or knowledge of safety issues.

As a Unit Deployment Manager, drones are helpful in oversight and management for deployment equipment downrange or in Garrison (Center for Security Studies (CSS), 2010). Any military airport with drones can operate them in a variety of ways. In some military airports may designate a single department, including logistics, to oversee drone programs. On the other hand, other civilian and military airports can treat drones like every other piece of equipment, allowing multiple departments to handle them independently. The proper management of drone equipment, training, activities, insurance, guides, and records is critical for airports. Airports that create and operate a drone organizational structure would improve their protection and lower their liability risk (Military Advantage, 2021).

The drone industry is rapidly growing, and as it does, more applications for it are being created. Airports could generate new income streams by providing UAS research and innovation, training, servicing, and other support services for the commercial sector, army, and personal pilots in this new field of aviation. It will be up to airport stakeholders to implement a roadmap for how drones will support their airports as technology advances.

Pedro

References

Bier, D., & Feeney, M. (2018). Drones on the Border: Efficacy and privacy implications. CATO Institute. Retrieved from https://www.cato.org/publications/immigration-rese…

Center for Security Studies (CSS). (2010). The Military Utility of Drones. Retrieved from CSS Analysis in Security Policy No.78: https://css.ethz.ch/content/dam/ethz/special-inter…

Fitzpatrick, A. (2018). Drones Are Here to Stay. Get Used to It. Retrieved from TIME Magazines: https://time.com/longform/time-the-drone-age/

Military Advantage. (2021). Drones. Retrieved from Military.com: https://www.military.com/equipment/drones

National Incident Management System, 3rd. ed. (2017), FEMA, Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved from https://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/1508151197…

RESPONSE TO PROFESSOR:

In your posting you mentioned “functional needs”: what do you mean by this term? Please explain.



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MHE 509 Trident University In

Module 4 – SLP

PRIVATE SECTOR PARTNERSHIPS

Assess Crisis Management for Selected Organization

Private Sector Partnerships: Natural/Man-Made Disasters

Below are examples of private sector partners that should be covered in an emergency response plan for a town or city. Each are dependent upon the other and must work together:

  1. Transportation (e.g., trains, planes, emergency vehicles)
  2. Telecommunication systems
  3. Utilities (e.g., water, electricity, waste disposal)
  4. Banking (responding to local credit demands)
  5. Hospitals
  6. Retail (e.g., lumber outlet, supermarket)

This assignment required you to utilize an Excel (or any other) electronic data sheet. If you need assistance you can use the Excel Help options or see your Readings.

Scenario: A strong earthquake 50 miles west of the Southern California coastline created a tsunami wave that hit the beach cities of San Clemente, Dana Point, Laguna Beach, and Newport Beach. First responders are reporting continuously on human casualties: dead and injured, and structure damage: damaged and destroyed. You are at the County ICS command post, and receiving said reports from the field, compiling them within an Excel file. You are required to provide an updated and aggregate report to the incident commander.

Your assignment

Create a Bar Chart from the data compiled below. Hint: Cut and Paste the table onto Excel spreadsheet. Click “Insert” on Excel sheet; Left-click, hold down, and shade the entire table; scroll up and click “Recommended Charts;” and, click on a chart of your choice.

Submit your work to include:

  • Your report table and chart.
  • Point out the major findings of your report.
  • Name the private sectors that will be involved in responding to the devastation. Comment on the private sectors that will be involved in responding to the devastation.
City Human-Injured Human- dead Human- Total Structure- Damaged Structure- Destroyed Structure- Total
Clemente 198 83 281 20 26 46
Dana 212 82 294 51 0 51
Laguna 200 35 235 24 10 34
Newport 315 87 402 45 14 59
Total 925 287 1,212 140 50 190

SLP Assignment Expectations

Length: This SLP should be 4-6 pages, not counting the title page and references.

References: At least two references should be included from academic sources (e.g., peer-reviewed journal articles). Required readings are included. Quoted material should not exceed 10% of the total paper (since the focus of these assignments is critical thinking). Use your own words and build on the ideas of others. When material is copied verbatim from external sources, it MUST be enclosed in quotes. The references should be cited within the text and listed at the end of the assignment in the References section (preferably in APA format).

Organization: Subheadings should be used to organize your paper according to question.

Grammar and Spelling: While no points are deducted for minor errors, assignments are expected to adhere to standard guidelines of grammar, spelling, punctuation, and sentence syntax. Points may be deducted if grammar and spelling impact clarity.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________

Module 4 – Background

PRIVATE SECTOR PARTNERSHIPS

Required Reading

Bier, D., & Feeney, M. (2018). Drones on the border: Efficacy and privacy implications. CATO Institute. Retrieved from https://www.cato.org/publications/immigration-research-policy-brief/drones-border-efficacy-privacy-implications

Microsoft Excel Tutorial for Beginners #1 – Overview. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8L1OVkw2ZQ8

National Incident Management System, 3rd. ed. (2017), FEMA, Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved from https://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/1508151197225-ced8c60378c3936adb92c1a3ee6f6564/FINAL_NIMS_2017.pdf

Shiu-Thornton et al. (2007). Disaster preparedness for limited English proficient communities: Medical Interpreters as cultural brokers and gatekeepers. Public Health Reports, 122(4), 466-471. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1888520/

Unmanned systems integrated roadmap FY2011 – 2036 (2011). FAS.org. Retrieved from https://fas.org/irp/program/collect/usroadmap2011.pdf

Required Video

Just in Time Disaster Training Library. [nfrdstf]. (2013, September 25). Radiological terrorism: Training for hospital clinicians [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?reload=9&v=y78z8YZGREw

Required Websites

California Earthquake Program. http://assembly.state.ny.us/comm/Cat_Nat_Disaster/20111121/

Disaster Emergency Communications Division, FEMA: https://www.fema.gov/disaster-emergency-communications-division

FEMA: National Response Framework.https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/117791

Preparing Hospitals for Disasters: Emergency Operations Plan (EOP).
http://www.calhospitalprepare.org/emergency-operations-plan

Radiological dispersal devices (RDDs). Radiation Emergency Medical Management, HHS.
https://www.remm.nlm.gov/rdd.htm


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INSTRUCTIONS:

A substantive comment should be approximately 450 words or more.

Cite (2 or MORE) sources within your comment to support your statements.

Include at least a couple of references, properly formatted, not just a link.

Discussion: Determining Which Agency Should Command an ICS Post

Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel are routinely called to treat and transport patients with infectious disease. This may include a patient with pulmonary tuberculosis or the flu. It also includes victims of a bioterrorist attack. In a biological WMD release, EMS personnel may respond to the initial 9-1-1 call(s) for a patient with a fever and rash illness long before the cause of the illness is known.

In the event of an announced release of anthrax or smallpox into a building ventilation system, exposed people may take anywhere from a couple of days (anthrax) to 7-17 days (smallpox) to become ill. These people may not need transport to a medical facility, but will need to be identified for public health information purposes so they can receive antibiotics or vaccine at a later time.

EMS may be the primary health care provider at these scenes initially and must assure that an accurate accounting of all patient contacts is made and then provide such to public health officials.

  • 1. In such cases should the ICS be commanded by a public health official/EMS Chief/MD rather than the police and fire units?
  • 2. To what extent should non-medical personnel/managers make medical decisions during a bioterrorist incident?

Please comment on these questions and critique that of at least one other person before the completion of this module.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________

Module 3 – Background

LOCAL, STATE, AND FEDERAL PARTNERSHIPS

Required Reading

Disaster-specific memorandum of understanding (2017). FEMA. Retrieved from https://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/1416583062704-86cb8bebe23906b594ce14860d86f8af/Disaster-Specific_MOU_updated_weblinks.pdf

Emergency Support Function #9: Search and Rescue Annex (2016), FEMA. Retrieved from https://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nrf/nrf-esf-09.pdf

Law enforcement preparedness for public health emergencies: An executive summary of the resources series (2010). BJA-US Department of Justice. Retrieved from https://www.policeforum.org/assets/docs/Free_Online_Documents/Public_Health/law%20enforcement%20preparedness%20for%20public%20health%20emergencies%20-%20an%20executive%20summary%20of%20the%20resources%20series%202010.pdf Read pp. 1-8.

Memorandum of understanding for emergency purchases — City of Santa Monica {n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.smgov.net/uploadedFiles/Departments/OEM/Preparedness/Emergency%20MOU%20template%20FINAL.pdf

Overview of MSCC, emergency management and the incident command system. Health and Human Services (2012). Retrieved from: http://www.phe.gov/preparedness/planning/mscc/handbook/chapter1/pages/default.aspx

RECP law enforcement and coroner/medical examiner subsidiary plan: San Francisco Bay Area regional emergency coordination plan (2008). Retrieved from: http://www.sfdem.org/ftp/uploadedfiles/DEM/PlansReports/LawEnforcementAnnex.pdf
Read the Introduction

Weine, S. (2017). How local law enforcement uses community policing to combat terrorism. Lawfare. Retrieved from https://www.lawfareblog.com/how-local-law-enforcement-uses-community-policing-combat-terrorism

Required Websites

Fusion Centers and Joint Terrorism Task Forces: https://www.dhs.gov/fusion-centers-and-joint-terrorism-task-forces

CA.gov: State Emergency Plan: https://w3.calema.ca.gov/Operational/OESHome.nsf/PDF/California%20Emergency%20Plan/$file/CEP-05.pdf

Preparing for emergencies: University of California San Francisco Police Department.

http://police.ucsf.edu/index.php?/Preparing-for-Emergencies/emergency-response-plan.html


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Module 2 – SLP

THE MILITARY PARTNERSHIPS

The Military Partnerships: Humanitarian/Support Role

The role of the Department of Defense (DoD) is outlined in certain directives. Its function is specific to natural disasters (e.g., hurricanes, floods, and tornadoes) and to man-made disasters (e.g., major toxic spill or terrorist attack). Knowing the DoD’s role in your ERP and as outlined in a Concept of Operations Plan is essential. Moreover, knowing how the DoD will interface with other support sectors will lessen any confusion when a disaster occurs.

  1. Find language regarding military involvement in the NRF. Especially note the command structure. Would the National Guard (if deemed necessary) be called out first? By whom? When would the Guard be called out—give examples. When would a military branch (e.g., the Army) be called out? Remember to cite your sources.
  2. Locate other directives regarding the military’s possible involvement during a national emergency. Under what conditions would the armed services be involved? What would be some of their functions? Remember to cite your sources.

SLP Assignment Expectations

Length: This SLP should be 4-6 pages, not counting the title page and references.

References: At least two references should be included from academic sources (e.g., peer-reviewed journal articles). Required readings are included. Quoted material should not exceed 10% of the total paper (since the focus of these assignments is critical thinking). Use your own words and build on the ideas of others. When material is copied verbatim from external sources, it MUST be enclosed in quotes. The references should be cited within the text and listed at the end of the assignment in the References section (preferably in APA format).

Organization: Subheadings should be used to organize your paper according to question.

Grammar and Spelling: While no points are deducted for minor errors, assignments are expected to adhere to standard guidelines of grammar, spelling, punctuation, and sentence syntax. Points may be deducted if grammar and spelling impact clarity.

NOTE: For this paper please provide a general summary or conclusion. It is a good academic writing practice to finish every work with a conclusion or summary.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________

Module 2 – Background

THE MILITARY PARTNERSHIPS

Required Reading

Dolan, A. M. and Thompson, R. M. (2013). Integration of drones into domestic airspace: Selected legal issues. Congressional Research Service. Retrieved from https://fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/R42940.pdf
Read pp. 3-11.

FEMA IS-75: Military Resources in Emergency Management (2011). FEMA. Retrieved from https://training.fema.gov/emiweb/is/is75/student%20manual/student%20manual.pdf
Read “Integration of Military Resources in Accordance with NIMS and NRF” pp. SM III-8 to SM III-21

The Posse Comitatus Act—fact sheet (2019, September 23), Section 1385 of Title 18, United States Code (USC). U.S. Northern Command. Retrieved from https://www.northcom.mil/Newsroom/Fact-Sheets/Article-View/Article/563993/the-posse-comitatus-act/

2018 National Preparedness Report (2018). FEMA.gov. https://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/1541781185823-2ae55a276f604e04b68e2748adc95c68/2018NPRRprt20181108v508.pdf/

Required Websites

American Red Cross: Terrorism Preparedness: http://www.redcross.org/get-help/prepare-for-emergencies/types-of-emergencies/terrorism

NORAD and U.S. Northern Command Posture Statement:
http://www.northcom.mil/Portals/28/Documents/2014%20NC%20Posture%20Statement_Final_HASC.pdf

United States Northern Command. http://www.northcom.mil/


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Module 2 – Case

THE MILITARY PARTNERSHIPS

Case Assignment

Answer the three questions below:

  1. How would you include the DoD in your Emergency Response Plan? Or would you?
  2. Scenario: A federal building suddenly blows up in your city where you oversee the Emergency Response Plan. You are called by law enforcement officers who note that they have apprehended three military personnel with explosives in their possession. The two men and one woman are listed as AWOL; they have threatened that if they are not released, another operative will blow up more undisclosed buildings. The police have contacted the FBI and will detain the suspects. Meanwhile, two more buildings explode near a military outpost in which civilians and military personnel were killed.

    Evaluate your resource and recommend appropriate courses of action relative to homeland security. What will be your first step? Why? Be specific and cite your sources.

  3. As Incident Commander, would you oversee posting U.S. Army personnel in strategic locations in your town during a terrorist attack? Please cite specific policy in your response.

Assignment Expectations

Length: This Case Assignment should be 4-6 pages, not counting the title page and references.

References: At least two references should be included from academic sources (e.g., peer-reviewed journal articles). Required readings are included. Quoted material should not exceed 10% of the total paper (since the focus of these assignments is critical thinking). Use your own words and build on the ideas of others. When material is copied verbatim from external sources, it MUST be enclosed in quotes. The references should be cited within the text and listed at the end of the assignment in the References section (preferably in APA format).

Organization: Subheadings should be used to organize your paper according to question.

Grammar and Spelling: While no points are deducted for minor errors, assignments are expected to adhere to standard guidelines of grammar, spelling, punctuation, and sentence syntax. Points may be deducted if grammar and spelling impact clarity.

NOTE: For this paper please provide a general summary or conclusion. It is a good academic writing practice to finish every work with a conclusion or summary.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________

Module 2 – Background

THE MILITARY PARTNERSHIPS

Required Reading

Dolan, A. M. and Thompson, R. M. (2013). Integration of drones into domestic airspace: Selected legal issues. Congressional Research Service. Retrieved from https://fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/R42940.pdf
Read pp. 3-11.

FEMA IS-75: Military Resources in Emergency Management (2011). FEMA. Retrieved from https://training.fema.gov/emiweb/is/is75/student%20manual/student%20manual.pdf
Read “Integration of Military Resources in Accordance with NIMS and NRF” pp. SM III-8 to SM III-21

The Posse Comitatus Act—fact sheet (2019, September 23), Section 1385 of Title 18, United States Code (USC). U.S. Northern Command. Retrieved from https://www.northcom.mil/Newsroom/Fact-Sheets/Article-View/Article/563993/the-posse-comitatus-act/

2018 National Preparedness Report (2018). FEMA.gov. https://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/1541781185823-2ae55a276f604e04b68e2748adc95c68/2018NPRRprt20181108v508.pdf/

Required Websites

American Red Cross: Terrorism Preparedness: http://www.redcross.org/get-help/prepare-for-emergencies/types-of-emergencies/terrorism

NORAD and U.S. Northern Command Posture Statement:
http://www.northcom.mil/Portals/28/Documents/2014%20NC%20Posture%20Statement_Final_HASC.pdf

United States Northern Command. http://www.northcom.mil/


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Module 3 – SLP

LOCAL, STATE, AND FEDERAL PARTNERSHIPS

Natural/Accidental Disasters

  1. National Response Framework, Fourth Ed. Read “Operational Coordination,” pages 15 to 20.
  2. You will also need to become familiar with the “memorandum of understanding” approach to cooperative engagements.
    1. Provide two examples of a memorandum of understanding. Explain why you chose these examples.
    2. Explain why it is advantageous to have a reciprocal emergency response agreement with the town or city that adjoins your town or city. Give examples.
    3. Search and Rescue Task Force: Outline a search and rescue plan of operation. Explain the preferred kinds of communication employed in a disaster scenario. Cite the specific place(s) in the NRF document where you got your search-and-rescue information.

SLP Assignment Expectations

Length: This SLP should be 4-6 pages, not counting the title page and references.

References: At least two references should be included from academic sources (e.g., peer-reviewed journal articles). Required readings are included. Quoted material should not exceed 10% of the total paper (since the focus of these assignments is critical thinking). Use your own words and build on the ideas of others. When material is copied verbatim from external sources, it MUST be enclosed in quotes. The references should be cited within the text and listed at the end of the assignment in the References section (preferably in APA format).

Organization: Subheadings should be used to organize your paper according to question.

Grammar and Spelling: While no points are deducted for minor errors, assignments are expected to adhere to standard guidelines of grammar, spelling, punctuation, and sentence syntax. Points may be deducted if grammar and spelling impact clarity.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________

Module 3 – Background

LOCAL, STATE, AND FEDERAL PARTNERSHIPS

Required Reading

Disaster-specific memorandum of understanding (2017). FEMA. Retrieved from https://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/1416583062704-86cb8bebe23906b594ce14860d86f8af/Disaster-Specific_MOU_updated_weblinks.pdf

Emergency Support Function #9: Search and Rescue Annex (2016), FEMA. Retrieved from https://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nrf/nrf-esf-09.pdf

Law enforcement preparedness for public health emergencies: An executive summary of the resources series (2010). BJA-US Department of Justice. Retrieved from https://www.policeforum.org/assets/docs/Free_Online_Documents/Public_Health/law%20enforcement%20preparedness%20for%20public%20health%20emergencies%20-%20an%20executive%20summary%20of%20the%20resources%20series%202010.pdf Read pp. 1-8.

Memorandum of understanding for emergency purchases — City of Santa Monica {n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.smgov.net/uploadedFiles/Departments/OEM/Preparedness/Emergency%20MOU%20template%20FINAL.pdf

Overview of MSCC, emergency management and the incident command system. Health and Human Services (2012). Retrieved from: http://www.phe.gov/preparedness/planning/mscc/handbook/chapter1/pages/default.aspx

RECP law enforcement and coroner/medical examiner subsidiary plan: San Francisco Bay Area regional emergency coordination plan (2008). Retrieved from: http://www.sfdem.org/ftp/uploadedfiles/DEM/PlansReports/LawEnforcementAnnex.pdf
Read the Introduction

Weine, S. (2017). How local law enforcement uses community policing to combat terrorism. Lawfare. Retrieved from https://www.lawfareblog.com/how-local-law-enforcement-uses-community-policing-combat-terrorism

Required Websites

Fusion Centers and Joint Terrorism Task Forces: https://www.dhs.gov/fusion-centers-and-joint-terrorism-task-forces

CA.gov: State Emergency Plan: https://w3.calema.ca.gov/Operational/OESHome.nsf/PDF/California%20Emergency%20Plan/$file/CEP-05.pdf

Preparing for emergencies: University of California San Francisco Police Department.
http://police.ucsf.edu/index.php?/Preparing-for-Emergencies/emergency-response-plan.html


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