I need replies to my peers discussion posts, one reference each, only within the last 5 years 100 to 200 words each should be enough. I’ve included their discussions responses.
DQ1 Discuss a patient of another culture. How can the health care professional communicate in presenting patient education? Consider language, family, cultural differences, and method of communication.
DQ2 Compare and contrast culture, ethnicity, and acculturation.
Peer responses DQ1
Mireya: Taking care of a patient from a different culture can be nerve wrecking. To think you can accidentally offend the patient or their family by not knowing about a crucial cultural practice. There is no way nurses can be expected to be aware of and practice cultural sensitivity at all times because religions and cultures develop over time (Frewerda, 2016). The best way for health professionals to assess cultural preferences is to ask the patient. This will give the patient and family the opportunity to voice any preferences instead of having to make assumptions.
Recently I took care of a jewish patient following a cholecystectomy. I remember being nervous when I was first assigned this patient as I did not know much about the culture. When it came time for discharge education diet was a main topic as after this procedure there is a specific diet that has to be followed. On top of it we have to remodify the specific diet as the patient is on a strict Kosher diet. It did take some trial/error, and more communication to find a diet that would benefit his healing process and cultural beliefs. However, at the end it was done and the patient was happy with the options, increasing the chance of him complying once he got home. This overall led to another positive patient outcome.
Ferwerda, J. (2016). How to care for patients from different cultures. Nurse.org. https://nurse.org/articles/how-to-deal-with-patients-with-different-cultures/
Kyra: First, the healthcare professional must be open and respectful to facilitate information to the patient as well as making the patient as comfortable and safe as possible to assess and answer questions appropriate to forming thier plan of care. For example, The provider or nurse must assess the language barrier, as american words have many diiferant meanings. Secondly, body language and eye contact is important to remember, as every cultural group have differant aways of presenting social ques. For example, a patient of asian culture may be more quiet and when talked to may nod their head. This does not necessarily mean they are accepting or understanding of the information, it is a social habit. Secondly it is imporant to address not only the patients physical status, but also their mental and emotional health. It is common in asian cultures to disregard mental health issues such as depression, it is thought as taboo, and their is minimal awareness (APA, 2020). Lastly it is important to assess cultural practices that relate to home remedies and medicines. Asian cultures believe in yin and yang, forces of hot and cold, and other practices such as herbal teas, ointments, and accupuncture (APA, 2020). Older patients of asian descent may follow these practices more strictly than you patients who have experinced accultruation and wish to practice modern day medicine and interventions. Always assess and allow the patient to voice their concerns, and make it a goal to incorporate their cultural beliefs in their plan of care.APA (2020). Working with Asian American Patients https://www.psychiatry.org/psychiatrists/cultural-competency/education/best-practice-highlights/working-with-asian-american-patients
Peer Responses DQ2
Muinat: Culture is the level of spiritual development of a nation or society. At the same time, ethnicity is a set of qualitative characteristics of a person or group of people related to their ethnic origin, and acculturation is the interaction of cultures, perception by one nation in whole or in part of another nation.
When working with a culturally varied ethnic community, nurses should treat each patient as an individual. As a result, health care providers are frequently presented with terms like ethnicity, culture, and acculturation. Nurses must distinguish between the ideas of culture, ethnicity, and race to communicate effectively with patients and maximize the success of the interprofessional practice.
Culture is the level of spiritual development of a nation or society. At the same time, ethnicity is a set of qualitative characteristics of a person or group of people related to their ethnic origin, and acculturation is the interaction of cultures, perception by one nation in whole or in part of another nation. They are related as they deal with behaviors of a group of individual and their beliefs and how these affect their interaction with other individuals who belong to a different group.
In contrast, ethnicity is a socially defined category of people who identify with each other while culture is a range of human phenomena that cannot be attributed to genetic inheritance; other humans majorly teach them., acculturation is different from them all as it is the process through which different cultures interact with each other.
Kunst, J. R., Lefringhausen, K., Skaar, S. W., & Obaidi, M. (2021). Who adopts the culture of ethnic minority groups? A personality perspective on majority-group members’ acculturation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 81, 20-28.
Eisenberg, M. E., Puhl, R., Areba, E. M., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2019). Family weight teasing, ethnicity and acculturation: Associations with well-being among Latinx, Hmong, and Somali Adolescents. Journal of psychosomatic research, 122, 88-93.
Kyra: Culture is a very broad term in which many things can fall under the definition, such as culture representing values, beliefs, religion, and social customs belonging to a certain people who share the same culture. For example, one could say Italian culture revolves around cooking large meals for family gatherings, is largely centered in catholic belief, and socially, are very loud and outgoing, using many hand and body gestures to get the point across. Ethnicity is defined as “quality or fact of belonging to a population group or subgroup made up of people who share a common cultural background or descent”(DifferanceBetween, 2020). It is also described as “racial affinities, while culture of a particular people is a shared set of beliefs, morals, values that are reflective of way of life” (DifferanceBetween, 2020). For example, Italians originating from calabria, siciliy or rome all share an Italian ethnicity as well and share common cultural backgrounds. Acculturation is becoming part of a dominant culture like Italians moving to America and adopting the American culture thus becoming Italian Americans. These terms all fall under the same umbrella but are used in differant ways, ehtnicity encompasses a broad aspect of people who follow a similair culture, in which their cutoms, beliefs, and values are not too differant. After acculuration, new customs and traditions are introduced, as younger generations are more likely to asmiliate to western culture but respect old customs.