English discussions

Need help with my English question – I’m studying for my class.

I have discussions 300 words each

The Power of Habit: Topic 1

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Read the original marshmallow study here:

Mischel, Walter; Ebbesen, Ebbe B.; Raskoff Zeiss, Antonette (1972). “Cognitive and attentional mechanisms in delay of gratification”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 21 (2): 204–218.

doi (Links to an external site.):10.1037/h0032198. I (Links to an external site.)

SSN (Links to an external site.) 1939-1315.

PMID (Links to an external site.) 5010404.

You can find the original study by using American River College’s One Search Tool (https://caccl-lrccd.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/discovery/search?query=any,contains,Mischel&tab=everything&search_scope=arc_everything&vid=01CACCL_LRCCD:arc&facet= (Links to an external site.))

or by contacting a librarian directly through ARC Library’s Chat feature. I’d like you to get into the habit of finding original research on your own. If you click on the DOI link above and then fill out a form, an email will be sent to you allowing you to access the scholarship.

Or you can spend a few hours trying to find a PDF link. It is up to you. I’d contact a librarian for help.

Then answer the following questions:

1) What do you think the authors of the paper are suggesting?

2) Find 3-4 quotations that sparked your curiosity and tell us why these quotes stood out to you?

3) What do you notice about the voice of the paper?

4) Are the authors in disagreement with some other way of thinking? That is to say, is their a “They say” in their “I say”? Who are “they” and what is Mischel disagreeing with? What is he bifurcating from? And what does he discover in his research?

5) What do you make of all the charts and diagrams? Was it confusing for you? Why/Why not?

The Power of Habit: Topic 2

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1. Each year, CNN, Fortune, Money, and Time magazines compile a list of the one hundred best companies to work for (see the 2018 Time list here: http://time.com/money/5047491/the-100-best-places-to-work-in-2018/ (Links to an external site.)

(Links to an external site.)What can we learn about keystone habits from these successful companies?

a. Look at the full list of 100 companies from different websites. How many of the company names do you recognize? How many would you consider a household name? What does this tell you about the success of these companies?

b. What keystone habits or cultures have these companies adopted that have made them successful? Read three company profiles on the website and identify at least one core value that could be a keystone habit for each organization.

c. Is there a clear theme to the keystone habits you identify?

The Power of Habit: Topic 3

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1. Voter turn out

a. Many people believe that low voter turn out is a crisis in our country. With fewer people voting on important governmental and social issues, the decisions made by elected officials may not reflect the interests of the general public.

i. What keystone habit could you target to encourage people to vote?

ii. What small wins might occur (e.g., voting in local elections)?

iii. What inflection points might you anticipate in voter turn out (e.g., access to polls, or internet in the case of e-voting)?

iv. What plans could you make to help would-be voters to move past these inflection points?

v. How could you use a “crisis” to change voter habits?

vi. Address the three steps of social change that would be required for this change in social voting habits to occur.

The Power of Habit: Topic 4

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In chapter nine of The Power of Habit, Charles Duhigg explores the complex links between deep-rooted habits as automatic behaviors, “the neurology of free will,” and the role of society in assigning responsibility. He queries “the ethics of habit and choice” through the lives of Brian Thomas and Angie Bachmann — both of whom on the exterior appear to have two remotely different experiences that result in loss. Yet, both examples demonstrate how the brain responds to ingrained habits and how neurological processes can trigger or impede one’s ability to make decisions.

According to Duhigg, some habits are indeed “automatic behaviors so ingrained in our neurology that, studies show, they can occur with almost no input from the higher regions of the brain” (255). In other words, Brian’s automatism/sleep terror and Angie’s pathological gambling look quite similar when viewed as reflexive behaviors or responses from individuals acting without choice. Despite the outcome of each narrative, Duhigg reminds readers that even under the most uncanny or dire circumstances, “habits… aren’t destiny” but that “every habit, no matter its complexity, is malleable” (270).

He later states that the “real power of habit” is “the insight that your habits are what you choose them to be (273).” Based on the reading, do you feel that Angie Bachmann’s gambling case was (more/less/as) justified as Brian Thomas’ sleep terror example? Why?


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