I need an explanation for this Communications question to help me study.

1. Imagine you are a politician, either running for office or already in office. Select any one of the half-dozen or so studies discussed in the Mlodinow reading that you think might be helpful to you, and explain how you might use its findings to your advantage. This should be at least one good, solid paragraph.

2. Examine the list of 10 unpopular Americans, and tell me two things you can infer about outsiders/out-groups (why they are outsiders, or what purposes they serve, or whatever) based on the individuals who appear on the list. Make sure to explain exactly which individuals support the arguments you’re making. This should be two good, solid paragraphs.

3. Select one of the following scenarios:

1. On a snowy day, a car is traveling along a busy road. The driver weaves in and out of the passing lane and accelerates quickly to pass other cars barely missing them. Suddenly the car hits a patch of ice and slides off the road and onto the shoulder. Motorists who have been following the driver slow down as they approach the car.
2. A teacher is walking across campus carrying a stack of papers between classes. Bending over to pick up her pen she accidentally drops a large stack of papers she was carrying. At that moment a gust of wind blows the papers all over the sidewalk. Students and passersby watch the papers flying around.
3. At 1:00 a.m. outside a tavern several men are arguing. Two of the men are shouting loudly at a third man who appears to be backing away from them. The two men move toward the lone man and start waving their arms as he backs up against a wall. A group of people exiting the tavern notice the situation.

Make sure it is clear which scenario you picked. Then, tell me on a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 is “absolutely no way” and 10 is “definitely, 100%,” how likely you think that bystanders are to get involved. Then give me two factors (in a sentence or two) that you personally think are likely to affect bystanders’ decision-making. (For example, if it was a cat stuck in a tree, a person might be more likely to get involved if they love cats, and they might be less likely to get involved if they are afraid of heights.) Make an educated guess and explain in-depth why you chose that scenario. This should be one good, solid paragraph.