Need help with my Philosophy question – I’m studying for my class.
Critical Reading Responses
All reading responses and are to be uploaded digitally to Canvas as a Microsoft Word Doc or
Reading Response #2: What is William Paley’s argument from design? Evaluate how
successful or unsuccessful you think the argument is.
1. Introduction/Thesis (5 points)
2. Argument Reconstruction (10 points)
3. Evaluation of Argument (10 points)
Critical Reading Response Components:
1. Introduction/Thesis: Introduce the topic of the paper that you will be analyzing. State
your thesis as precisely as you can.
Before you write your thesis, answer the following questions:
attempting to persuade the reader to accept? [note: a statement is truth
functional, i.e., can be either true or false; therefore, you can take a stand on
whether you think the conclusion is correct or incorrect]
belief he or she is asserting? If so, why do you find these reasons
compelling? If not, why do you find these reasons lacking?
Your thesis should be a concise and clear articulation of the position you are taking
and why you are taking that position (one to two sentences).
Example thesis: Author A argues that X; however, Author A’s position that X is open
to the serious objection Y.
2. Argument Reconstruction: Reconstruct the author’s claim and argument in your own
words. (1-2 paragraphs)
In your own words, lay out the argument the author is putting forward. You will
want to make the logical content of the argument explicit by demonstrating that you
understand the reasons that are being given in support of the author’s central claim.
paragraph (a paragraph should deal with no more than one central idea.
Since this is an argument reconstruction, the main idea of the paragraph will
be the author’s central claim.)
gives in support of their central claim.
3. Evaluation of Argument: Evaluate the author’s argument or claim (1-2 paragraphs).
a. Raise an objection to the argument or claim.
What objections can be raised to the argument that you just
reconstructed? Even if you agree with the claim the author is putting forward,
raise a potential objection.
Paragraph Structure: Just like with the argument reconstruction, your topic sentence
should be a clear and concise articulation of the central claim your objection consists
of. Your supporting sentences should offer the reasons why you think this objection
is warranted. Your concluding sentence should sum up all that you have said thus far
in the paragraph.
b. Respond to objection
Generate a 2-3 sentence response to the objection you have just raised.